Bento Boxes: O Bento in Japanese Culture

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Though not many people know, most bento’s are prepared in a way that make them easier to be eaten by kids. In Japanese culture, it’s the children’s duty to eat o bento.

Dr. Alison, an antropologist at the Colorado University wrote this more than 20 years ago:
“O bentos are boxed lunches Japanese mothers make for their nursery school children. Following Japanese codes for food preparation-multiple courses that are aesthetically arranged-these lunches have a cul tural order and meaning. Using the o bento as a school ritual and chore-it mu s t be consumed in its entirety in the company of all the children-the nursery school also endows the o bento with ideological meanings. The child must eat the o bento; t h e mother must make an obento the child will eat. Both mothe r and child are being judged; the subjectivities of both are being guided by t h e nursery school as an ins t i tut ion. It is up to the mother to make the ideological operation entrusted to the o bento by the state-linked institution of the nursery school, palatable and pleasant for her child, and appealing and pleasurable for her as a mother. ”

She also mentioned the steps to prepare an o bento:

“”- First o f , easy-to-eat is step one.
- Next is being able to consume the obenta without leav-
ing anything behind.
- Make it in such a way for t h e child to become proficient
in the use of chopsticks.
- Decorate and fill it with cute dreams ( kawairashi yume ) .
- For older classes (nenchij), make obenta filled with
variety.
- Once he’s become used to it, balance foods your child
likes with those he dislikes.
- For kids who hate vegetables. . . .
- For kids who hate fish. . . .
- For kids who hate meat. . .”" (Cited from a different source  on Page 203)

Source; Allison A. 1991. Japanese mothers and obentos: the lunch-box as ideological state apparatus. Anthropol. Q. 64(4): 195-20

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