Urdu Travel Destinations – Urdu Culture for Kids

The Urdu language has around 60 to 70 million speakers worldwide. Urdu is the official language of Pakistan having 13 million speakers. India has more than half of the world’s Urdu speakers with 52 million. Other countries where Urdu is spoken are the United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, United States, and Bangladesh. Pakistan and India have many beautiful travel destinations that you can visit. The three most popular travel destinations in Pakistan are Concordia, Lake Saif ul Malook, and Muzaffarabad; the three most popular travel destinations in India are the Taj Mahal, Varanasi, and The Ajanta Caves

Concordia is known to be the most attractive piece of land in Pakistan. It is a confluence of two glaciers, meaning the place where both glaciers meet between the mountains. Around Concordia are clustered some of the highest peaks in the world. Four of the world’s fourteen mountains that are over 8 thousand feet are in this region.

Lake Saif ul Malook is said to be “heaven on earth” to people who have visited this landmark. located at the northern end of the Kaghan Valley near the town of Naran. The lake has an altitude of 3,224 m (10,578 feet), which is one of the highest lakes in Pakistan. Visitors of the lake go during the Summer season, because there is heavy snowfall and harsh weather in that region.

Muzaffarabad is the capital city of Azad Kashmir, a political entity in north Pakistan. The city of Muzaffarabad serves as the cultural, legislative and financial capital of Azad Kashmir. Muzaffarabad is located on the confluence of two rivers, the Jhelum and the Neelum. The city is connected to Islamabad by motorway, making trade much easier. The city is a popular travel destination in the summer because of the enjoyable weather conditions.

The Taj Mahal (meaning Crown Palace) is a mausoleum in Agra, India. It was built in the 1600’s by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Queen Mahal is buried in the lower chamber of the mausoleum. The mausoleum attracts a huge number of tourists; there were about 2 million visitors in 2001. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”.

Varanasi is located on the banks of the Ganges River. Varanasi is a very sacred and religious city.  It is very important to Buddhists, but even more important to Hindus and Jains because Varanasi is one of the 7 sacred cities in the religion. Also, Varanasi is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

 

 

 

The Ajanta Caves are located in Maharashtra, India and consist of around 300 Buddhist cave monuments. They are said to be the finest depiction of Indian art still living today. The cave was built in 2 sections, part of the caves were built around the 2nd century BCE, and the other part was around 500 CE. The caves were found in 1819 by a british hunting party. The murals were mostly battlefields and sailing ships, but also city streets, animal-filled forests to snow mountains.

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Hindi Travel Destinations – Hindi Culture for kids

Agra

 

Agra’s Taj Mahal is one of the most famous buildings in the world and listed as one of the New Seven Wonders in the world. It is a shrine built in 1653 for Shah Jahan’s favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Made of marble, this monument took 22 years for the 20,000 workers, masons and jewelers to build. Many landscaped gardens surround the building.

Jaipur

Jaipur is known as the Pink City.  It is the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan. The city is a very famous tourist and educational place to visit.  There are many old forts, historical monuments and museums in this city which help tell the history of India.

Goa

Goa is famous for its clean beaches. In the winter time, tourists from Europe come to Goa.  In the summertime, during the rainy season, tourists from across India come to spend the holidays.

Kashmir

Kashmir was once called Heaven on Earth.  The Himalayan Mountain Range towers over the region. The area is very large with over two million square kilometers.

Kanyakumari

Kanyakumari is especially popular in India for its spectacular sunrise and sunset. The meeting of three ocean bodies – the Bay of Bengal, the Indian Ocean, and the Arabian Sea – makes the sunrise and sunset very unique. On full-moon evenings, you can also see the moon rise and sunset at the same time on either side of the horizon!

Kerala (Backwaters)

Kerala is located on the tropical Malabar Coast. It has been called one of the “ten paradises of the world” by the National Geographic Traveler magazine.  It is also known for its clean earth initiatives, the beautiful backwaters and alternative healing massages.

Old Delhi

Delhi, the capital of India has mosques, forts and other monuments that represent India’s history. You can visit the Qutub Minar, Red Fort and Humayun’s Tomb which are named World Heritage Sites. Besides the historical places, you can see many government buildings and embassies.

Ajantha & Ellora

Ajantha & Ellora are 28 – 30 rock-cut cave monuments created during the first century B.C. and 5th century A.D. These contain paintings and sculptures.

Darjeeling

Darjeeling is home to Tiger Hill.  The snow-capped Everest, Kabru, Kanchenjunga, Jannu and other peaks can be seen.  The views of many sunsets are also enjoyed here.

Mysore

Mysore is located within the state of Karnataka. This observes the important ten day long Dasara Festival which celebrates “good over evil”.  The Ambavilas Palace is the center of these festivities.

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Children’s Songs – Hindi Culture for kids

Children’s Songs

Indian Children SingingHindi – English

Akar Bakar Bambay Bo – counting out rhyme

Ginti Geet – counting song

Machli Jal Ki Rani Hai – Fish is the Queen of the Water

Guddu, Guddu. Haan, Papa. – Johnny, Johnny. Yes, Papa.

Muffety Mai – Little Miss Muffet

Mary Be ek Bhed Pali – Mary Had a Little Lamb

English –Hindi

Sleep, Baby, Sleep – Nini Baba Nini

There was a Thirsty Crow – Ek Kawwa Pyasathaa

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Some Basic Words and Phrases in Hindi – Hindi Culture for kids

Hello/Goodbye – namaste

Excuse me – maaf kijiyeh

Please – meharbani she

Thank you – shukriya

Yes – haan

No – nahin

How are you? – aap kiaseh hain?

Very well, thank you – bahut acha, shukriya

What’s your name? – aap ka shubh naam kya hai?

My name is. –  meraa naam.hai

Do you speak English? –  Kya aap angrezi aatee hai?

I don’t understand – meri samajh mei nahin aaya

What time is it? – Kitneh bajeh hain?

Numbers in Hindi

1 – ek
2 – do
3 – teen
4 – char
5 – panch
6 – chhe
7 – saat
8 – aath
9 – nau
10 – das

Indian names are different from region to region. People choose names based on their religion or level or society.  Names may come from a person involved with Indian history.

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Sports and Leisure Time – Hindi Culture for kids

Music and dance are important parts of India’s culture. Sports are popular as well.  Cricket is a favorite with the National Cricket Team winning the 1983 World Cup and the 2011 Cricket World Cup among other tournaments.  Yoga began in India and the popularity has spread to other parts of the world.  Field hockey is the official national sport in India.  The team won the 1975 Men’s Hockey World Cup and 8 gold medals at former Olympic Games.  Chess also once known as chaturanga began in India in the 6th century.  Tennis and football are popular.   Traditional sports include the team tag games of kabaddi and kho kho, and gilli-danda (a game where you flick a short stick into the air with a long stick and the opposing team has to catch it).

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Hindi Culture – Hindi Culture for kids

India

India Flag

Geography

The Republic of India is a country in Asia.  It his home to more than one billion people!  This makes India the second largest country in the world.  India is bordered by Pakistan in the northwest, China and Nepal in the north, Bhutan and Bangladesh in the northeast, Myanmar in the east and Sri Lanka in the south.  India is a peninsula surrounded by water on three sides.  The Indian Ocean is to the south, the Arabian Sea to the west, and the Bay of Bengal to the east.

India is a very diverse country with the northern cold, snow-capped Himalayan Mountains in the north, the world’s highest rainfall in Cherrapunji, and the world’s driest place known as Thar Desert. More than half of India’s boundaries are beaches.  There are many rivers in India. The main rivers are the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, the Yamuna, the Godavari, the Kaveri, the Narmada and the Krishna.

The Flag

The National flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolor flag, of orange, white and green with the Ashok Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel in navy blue in the middle.  The orange color stands for courage and sacrifice; white for truth, peace and purity; and green for prosperity.  The wheel stands for righteousness.

India is divided into states and union territories.  They each elect their own local government.  There are twenty-eight states and 7 union territories.

Cultural Traditions

The Indian culture is a mixture of other cultures.  Many of India’s cultural traditions are over thousands of years old. Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism are all religions that began in this country. Today, Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world, followed by Buddhism which is the fourth largest.  80% of the people who live in India practice Hinduism. One important Hindu belief is that the cow is respected and seen as a symbol of ahimsa (peace) and good fortune.

For hundreds of years, India has practiced the custom of extended families.  An extended family is where parents, children and grandparents all live together. Uncles and aunts and their children may live in the same home, too.  The oldest male is the head of the family who makes most of the important decisions.  As India becomes more modern, this practice is changing so that parents with their children live in homes by themselves.

Arranged marriages have been a tradition in Indian society, too. Most Indians have their marriages planned by their parents but there are about 10-20% of marriages today that are not arranged. In the past, women were married quite young, but today the age for the bride is increasing.

Holidays and Festivals

Many holidays and festivals are celebrated in India. There are four national holidays called Independence Day, the Republic Day, the Gandhi Jayanti and May Day.  There are popular religious festivals, as well. In addition, many Indian states and regions have local festivals and fairs.  For example, the Pushkar Fair is one of the world’s largest markets and Sonepur Mela is the largest livestock fair in Asia.

Foods

India is known for its love for food and spices. Indian cuisine is different from region to region because of the local foods, the geography of the land, the local cultures and the groups of people who have come to live in India (Persians, Mughals and European colonists). There are many differences in the foods because of the spices and herbs that are used, the recipes that are chosen and the way the foods are cooked. A lot of Indian food is vegetarian (having no meat), but there are still many traditional Indian dishes that include chicken, goat, lamb, fish, and other meats. Indian food is very popular all over the world.  The most common food on an Indian menu is Punjabi cuisine (chicken tikka masala). There are many curry dishes. Kheer is a milk-based popular dessert.

Clothing

Traditional clothing in India is different throughout the country and is influenced by local culture, geography, climate and region. Popular styles of dress include draped garments such as a sari for women and dhoti or lungi for men. The churidar or salwar-kameez with dupatta (a long scarf) thrown over the shoulder completes the outfit for women. Bindi, mehendi, earrings, bangles and other jewelry are common. On special occasions, such as marriage ceremonies and festivals, women may wear cheerful colors with many ornaments made with gold, silver or other regional stones and gems.  Traditionally, the red bindi was worn only by married Hindu women, and colored bindi was worn by single women, but now all colors and glitter are a part of women’s fashion.

Men’s clothing includes kurta-pyjama and European-style trousers and shirts. In cities, men often wear more western styled clothing of jeans, trousers, shirts and suits.

In public and religious places, Indian dress etiquette discourages the exposure of skin and wearing transparent or tight clothes. Most Indian clothes are made from cotton which is ideal for the country’s hot weather. Many Indians wear sandals.

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Business Capital of India with the most Innovative Buildings in the World: Mumbai

Mumbai is a very innovative and growing place, somewhere to visit if you never decide to visit anywhere else in the world. There are an estimated 16,368,084 in the metro area of Mumbai, and a total of 12,478,447 in the city area of Mumbai. Mumbai is formerly known as Bombay, and is the capital of Maharashtra. It is one of the largest urban agglomerations in the world, and is the financial and business center of India. International airlines and railroads are the ways of which the world may connect with Mumbai, as it can spread over up to seven different islands. The land is very precious, because there is not much land to work with. Therefore, real estate is expensive.

To help the financial and environmental pressure on Mumbai a new city has been developed on the mainland across from the harbour. Navi Mumbai (New Bombay) is one of the biggest planned city projects of the continent. It is spread over several nodes; Navi Mumbai is connected by railroads to Mumbai. Mumbai most likely has the largest number of skyscrapers and slums in South Asia – an indicator of the disparity in living standards of its residents. Cuffe Parade, Nariman Point, Malabar Hills and the western coast is where you can find Mumbai’s skyscrapers, while the suburbs has many apartments being built right at this moment.

The skyscrapers of Mumbai are among the tallest in the world, and some of the most innovative one may ever come across in this generation. India is the world’s largest producer of feature films and Mumbai produces more films than Hollywood, so that is another huge economic booster for Mumbai, and India as a whole. The tallest skyscraper of Mumbai actually is two buildings that accompany each other but are separate; The Imperial I and The Imperial II which both stands at 817ft. The second skyscraper, Ruby Mills Tower, stands at 614ft with Lodha Bellissimo trailing at 610ft. The final tallest skyscraper of Mumbai is Sunshine Tower, standing at 591ft. In total, Mumbai has 1,614 buildings with another 225 under construction and 88 in plans of being built. Now that’s a lot of construction!!!

 

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The Dance of India; BOLLYWOOD

What is Bollywood? Bollywood is a Mumbai based Hindi language Film Company in India. The word Bollywood was made by combining Bombay (the city now called Mumbai) and Hollywood (the famous center of the United States film industry). Very few Bollywood movies do not have at least one dance scene or song performed by every actor or actress involved, so one can very easily refer to Bollywood productions as musicals. Bollywood productions can be about anything from love triangles, to comedy and thrill, but will more than likely have songs and dancing as well as an intermission.

Bollywood dancing is Indian dance: classical dance styles, dances of historic northern Indian courtesans (tawaif), or folk dances. In more recent films, Indian dance elements often blend with Western dance styles (as seen on our MTV channel or in Broadway musicals), though it is not unusual to see Western pop and pure classical dance numbers side by side in the same film. The hero or heroine will sometimes perform with a troupe of supporting dancers, usually of the same sex. If the hero and heroine dance and sing a pas-de-deux (a dance and ballet term, meaning “dance of two”), it is often staged in beautiful natural surroundings or architecturally grand settings. Every body movement has a significant meaning, so the movements down to the fingers are extremely precise.

Bollywood is very colorful, and extremely coordinated. When one says it is precise, it is so precise that the fingers must move in a particular way than every other part of the body. While Bollywood is extremely popular in India, they too have their issues.Piracy happens to be a huge problem that producer and their crew faces. This leads to monetary issues and debts, just as they do here in America. Some Bollywood films are as follows; Bobby, Sangam, Mughal-e-Azam.

 

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World’s Largest Market for Metal; India and Gold

Families work for months to buy a quarter sized piece of Gold in India. Why? There a few very key reasons for every family of India owning gold. One, gold is used as a form of money in India. If a person is having an emergency and needs money, they can very well turn in the gold in exchange for cash and get what they need to get done completed. Another reason gold is so important is because it has high religious background and significance. Gold represents the Goddess of wealth, and prosperity. Gold in India is considered a status symbol as well. The more gold a person has, the wealthier a person is. Middle class and wealthier families are recently outnumbering the poor, as India has an economic boost, becoming the world’s largest market for metal, which is gold.

India has a population of 1.2 million, and imports of gold rose 34.9 percent (553 tons) as of 2011. There are more than 300,000 jewelers that specialize in gold, while gold sold for $6.65 per 10 grams.

“In India, it always was and still is, much more than just a precious metal. It is part of the fabric of our culture and an inseparable part of our belief system. It is the essence from which the universe was created. In a dark and lifeless universe, the Creator deposited a seed in the waters he had made from his own body. The seed became a golden egg, bright and radiant as the sun. From this cosmic egg of gold was born the incarnation of the Creator Himself – Brahma. From the root word Hri meaning imperishable, comes Hiranya, the ancient name for gold. Brahma is referred to as Hiranyagarbha – the one born of gold”, (Pinank Mehta, Bombay Times – October 27, 2001).

Gold is India is more than just a metal, or even a precious metal. It is a way of life and being. It is a sacredness, religious way of living.

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Indian Names and Names in Indian : The way Names are Written Read In India



According to Lauderdale and Kestenbaum (2000) Top 10 , top 20 and top 50 Indian names are as follow
Top 10 Indian names are
1. Singh
2. Shah
3. Khan
4. Patel
5. Ali
6. Desai
7. Mehta
8. Rao
9. Sharma
10. Gupta
Top 20 Indian names are
11. Ahmed
12. Parikh
13. Hussain
14. Joshi
15. Amin
16. Bhatt
17. Gandhi
18. Ram
19. Ahmad
20. Mathew
Top 30 Indian names are
21. Chacko
22. Dave
23. Varghese
24. Sheth
25. Jain
26. Lal
27. Mathai
28. Husain
29. Bhakta
30. John
31. Trivedi
32. Das
33. Pandya
34. Sandhu
35. Iyer
36. Siddiqui
37. Kumar
38. Parekh
39. Sidhu
40. Prasad
41. Vyas
42. Fernandes
43. Grewal
44. Qureshi
45. Chand
46. Dhillon
47. Ullah
48. Mistry
49. Nair
50. Hasan
These names are compiled by 2 researchers in year 2000. Current name distribution might be a little different.

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