Russian Travel Destinations – Russian Culture for Kids

 

 

The second largest city in Russia, St. Petersburg is the country’s cultural heart. The population of St. Petersburg is 5 million (as of October 2012). View splendid architectural gems like the Winter Palace and the Kazan Cathedral, and browse the world-renowned art collection of the Hermitage.
Moscow is the political, scientific, historical, architectural and business center of Russia. Moscow is Russia’s capital city and is the largest city in the country. As of 2010, Moscow’s population was 10,562,099, which also makes it one of the top ten largest cities in the world. Because of its size, Moscow is one of the most influential cities in Russia.

 

Yekaterinburg (also spelled Ekaterinburg) is the tourist’s city, jam-packed with libraries, theaters and museums, plus seemingly out of place monuments that pay homage to entities like Michael Jackson and a keyboard. Yekaterinburg is the fourth largest city in Russia (after Moscow, Saint-Petersburg and Novosibirsk). The population is about 1,425,000 (2012)
Kazan is the capital of Tatarstan, situated in the European part of Russia on the banks of the Volga and the Kazanka Rivers. Kazan population is about 1,161,000 (2012). No matter your spiritual inclination, you simply must visit the Temple of All Religions, a Technicolor cultural center built by artist Ildar Khanov. Though still a work in progress, the “temple” is a feast for the eyes—and the spirit.

 

 

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Russian Songs for Children – Russian Culture for kids

1. London Bridge is Falling Down

Домик наш сгорел дотла, сгорел дотла, сгорел дотла,

Домик наш сгорел дотла,

Милый друг мой;

Будем строить новый дом…. новый дом  новый дом

Будем строить новый дом….

Милый друг мой;

Старый дуб в лесу сруби…

Дом из досок сколоти…

Деревянный дом сгорит…

Милый друг мой;

С речки глины принеси…

Из кирпичей ты дом сложи…

Ветер домик разнесет

Милый друг мой;

Из камней построим дом

Вместе будем жить мы в нем

Будет прочным этот дом…

Милый друг мой;

Не страшны ему ветра…

Не боится он огня…

Будет он стоять сто лет…

Милый друг мой;

 

2. Baa Baa Black Sheep

Эй, овечка,

Дашь ли ты мне шерсть

Да, сэр, да сэр, три мешочка есть

Один для хозяйки,

Второй тебе

Третий сынишке бе бе бе.

 

 3. If You’re Happy and You Know It

Если день твой был хорошим хлопай так (хлоп-хлоп)

Если день твой был хороший хлопай так (хлоп-хлоп)

Если день твой был хорошим то похлопай ты в ладощи

Если день твой был хорошим хлопай так (хлоп – хлоп)

Если весело с друзьями топай так (топ-топ)

Если весело с друзьями топай так (топ -топ)

Если весело с друзьями то потопай ты ногами

Если весело с друзьями топай так (топ-топ)

Если день твой был веселым крикни ХЭЙ! (Хэй Хэй!)

Если день твой был веселым крикни ХЭЙ! (Хэй Хэй!)

Если день твой был веселым,улыбнись и не будь соней

Если день твой был веселым крикни ХЭЙ!

Если день твой был хорошим делай так (хлоп-хлоп , топ-топ , Хэй Хэй!)

Если день твой был хорошим делай так (хлоп-хлоп , топ-топ , Хэй Хэй!)

Если день твой был хорошим топай пой хлопай в ладоши

Если день твой был хорошим делай так (хлоп-хлоп , топ-топ , Хэй Хэй!_

 

4. Itsy Bitsy Spider

Паучок дурачек по трубе гулял

Вдруг полился дождик и в лужу он упал

Солнышко вышло и тучки прогнало

Высушило лужи и паучка спасл

 

5. Old Mcdonald Had a Farm

На старой ферме дедушка ИаИаО

И у него коровушка Му Му Му Му МУ

МуМу здесь и МуМу там

Му здесь Му там

Повсюду Му Му МУ

На старой ферме дедушка ИаИаО

И у него барашки БеБереБебе

Бее Бее здесь и Бее Бее там

Бее здесь

Бее Там

Повсюду бее

МуМу здесь

и МуМу там

Всюду Му и всюду бее

На старой ферме дедушка

Иа Иа Йо

И у него там курочки Бак Бак Бак Бак Бак

бак Бак здесь

И бАк бак там

Бак Здесь Бак Там

Всюду бакбакбак

На старой ферме дедушка ИаИаЙо

И у него свинюшки там ХрюХрюХрю

Хрю Хрю здесь

Хрю Хрю Там

Хрю здесь

Хрю там

Всюду Хрю Хрю Хрю

Бее Бее здесь и Бее Бее там

Бее здесь

Бее Там

Повсюду бее

МуМу здесь

и МуМу там

Всюду Бее и всюду муу

На старой ферме дедушка Иа Иа Йо

И у него там гуси ГаГаГаГаГа

ГаГа здесь и ГаГа там

га здесь Га там

Всюду га га га

Хрю Хрю здесь

Хрю Хрю Там

Хрю здесь

Хрю там

Всюду Хрю Хрю Хрю

Бее Бее здесь и Бее Бее там

Бее здесь

Бее Там

Повсюду бее

МуМу здесь

и МуМу там

На старой ферме дедушка Иа Иа Йо

И у него там уточки Кря Кря Кря Кря

Кря Кря здесь

и Кря Кря там

Кря здесь

Кря там

И повсюду кря кря

На старой ферме дедушка ИаИаЙо

И у него свинюшки там Хрю Хрю Хрю Хрю Хрю

Хрю Хрю здесь

Хрю Хрю Там

Хрю здесь

Хрю там

Всюду Хрю Хрю Хрю

Бее Бее здесь и Бее Бее там

Бее здесь

Бее Там

Повсюду бее

МуМу здесь

и МуМу там

Всюду Бее и всюду муу

На старой ферме дедушка Иа Иа Йо

И у него там гуси ГаГаГаГаГа

ГаГа здесь и ГаГа там

га здесь Га там

Всюду га га га

Хрю Хрю здесь

Хрю Хрю Там

Хрю здесь

Хрю там

Всюду Хрю Хрю Хрю

Бее Бее здесь и Бее Бее там

Бее здесь

Бее Там

Повсюду бее

МуМу здесь

и МуМу там

На старой ферме дедушка Иа Иа Йо

И у него там уточки Кря Кря Кря Кря

Кря Кря здесь

и Кря Кря там

Кря здесь

Кря там

И повсюду кря кря

 

6. Pat a Cake Pat a Cake

Испеки нам тортик  . пекарь скорей

Станет всем нам веселей

Положи в печку и уже через час

Будет праздник для всех нас

Испеки нам тортик  . пекарь скорей

Станет всем нам веселей

Крема добавь и сиропом залей

Испеки нам тортик  . пекарь скорей

 

7. Row Row Row Your Boat

Шлеп Шлеп веслами

Лодочка плыви

Вниз по речке

В сказку нас неси

 

8. Six Little Ducks

Маленькие уточки плавают в пруду

Маленькие уточки играют в чехарду

А один с перышком ты посмотри

Крякает и плавает впереди

Кря кря кря

Посмотри

Крякает и плавает впереди

Маленькие уточки вниз по реке

Погулять поплыли налегке

А один с перышком ты посмотри

Крякает и плавает впереди

Кря кря кря

Посмотри

Крякает и плавает впереди

Маленькие уточки устали гулять

И пошли домой отдыхать

А один с перышком посмотри

Крякает и бежит всех впереди

Кря кря кря

Посмотри

Крякает и бежит всех впереди

 

9. The Wheels On the Bus

Едет автобус бип бип бип

бип бип бип

бип бип бип

Едет автобус бип бип бип

Цеелый день

Водитель в автобусе Фью Фью Фью

Фью Фью Фью

Фью Фью Фью

Водитель в автобусе Фью Фью Фью

Цеелый день

Дети в автобусе Ха ХА Ха

Ха ХА Ха Ха ХА Ха

Дети в автобусе Ха ХА Ха

Цеелый день

Мамы в автобусе Ш-Ш-Ш

Ш-Ш-Ш Ш-Ш-Ш

Мамы в автобусе Ш-Ш-Ш

Цеелый день

Колеса автобуса крутятся

Крутятся

Крутятся

Колеса Автобуса крутятся

Целый день

 

10.Twinkle Twinkle Little Star

В небе звездочка горит

И с луною говорит

На тебя с небес глядит

В колокольчики звонит

Колыбельную поет

И тебя в кровать зовет

 

Russian Children’s Stories

Alexander Afanasyev (1826-1871) was a Russian author who collected and published over 600 Russian folktales and fairy tales, the largest collection of any person in the world!  He also published Russian Fairy Tales which was an 8 volume collection of tales based on the famous Grimm Brothers’ collection.

A famous character from many Russian and other Eastern European fairy tales is Baba Yaga.  She is an old witch that is said to live by the forest in a house that stands on a pair of giant chicken legs.  She is shown as being scary in stories. Often she is the villain, but in some stories she is helpful to the hero, too.

Other popular Russian children’s stories include those that are translated into English:

“Masha and the Bear” by M. Bulatov
“The Little Scarlet Flower” by Sergei Aksakov
“The Tale of the Dead Princess and the Seven Knights” by Alexander Pushkin

There is also the collection of tales illustrated by Ivan Biliban:

“The Tale of Tsarevitch Ivan, the Fire-bird and Grey Wolf”
“Vassilisa the Beautiful”
“Sister Alyonushka and Brother Ivanushka – The White Duck”
“The Frog Princess”

There is a popular “Oz” fantasy series in Russia. These books are based on L. Frank Baum’s classic The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and translated by Alexander Melentyevich Volkov.  The Wizard of the Emerald City and Urfin Jus and his Wooden Soldiers are two of the first books in the series of five.

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Russian History – Russian Culture for kids

The early history of Russia is similar to many other countries with people moving to Russia and the start of kingdoms.  Russian became a large country when several cities merged into an empire. In the ninth century, a Scandinavian group of people (the Varangians) crossed the Baltic Sea to land in Eastern Europe. Led by Oleg, they took control over Kiev and helped make a trade route between Scandinavia and Russia that continued for over 300 years.

Oleg’s grandson Vladimir I was the ruler of this kingdom in 989, followed by Ysaroslav. When Ysaroslav died, there were many battles for power in Russia by different invaders.  The Mongols destroyed the major cities and made an Empire of the Golden Horde. Next, the Swedes and Livonians tried to take over Russia. Moscow became stronger.  Ivan IV helped make Russia a unified state.  His son Fyodor ruled, followed by Godunov who was made the King.  Poland took over next, and then the Romanov Dynasty for 300 more years until the Russian Revolution ended the role of the King.

Peter the Great tried to overtake the government and westernize the country.   He wanted to move the capital from Moscow to a new city on the Gulf of Finland.  He created St. Petersburg as this new capital.  Peter died in 1725 and Russia went through a number of rulers.

Finally, Catherine the Great came into power in 1761 and continued the changes.  She built museums, founded colleges and libraries.  She was succeeded by her son Paul I whose son succeeded him as Alexander I.  Napoleon, with half a million soldiers, tried to take over Russia. He had to retreat and Russia grew into a powerful country.

In the nineteenth century, Nicholas I and then Alexander II ruled.  Russia expanded its territory and power.  Nickolas II became the ruler when Japan attacked.  In 1912, the Social Democrats split into two groups:  the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks. The First World War occurred and with it, there were food shortages and an economic collapse.  Nicholas gave up the throne to his brother who also gave up this position.  There was now a provisional government under Prince Lvov and then under Alexandr Kerensky.  Finally, Lenin who led the Bolsheviks overtook the government. WW I ended, but for three years Russia fought with other groups of people within the country who wanted control.  In 1920, the Bolsheviks won.  People felt optimistic as there were some changes for the middle class and more freedoms for everyone.

Lenin died in 1924 and there was a struggle for power in the Communist Party.  Eventually, Stalin became the leader.  He began state-run farms and had the government control most parts of life including art and literature. People were not allowed to worship as they wanted.

World War II started and Russia was attacked in 1941.  Germans took over part of their land, but eventually the Russian army held the Germans from overtaking their capital and in 1944, the Russians pushed the Germans back to Poland.  Berlin fell and WW II ended.  The Soviet Union became even stronger with more territory and was the second great world power in the world, next to the United States.

Much of the country’s resources were put into the military and the Russian people’s lives suffered.  They were hungry and there were many freedoms taken away from them.  In 1953, Stalin died and Khruschev took over until he was ousted in 1964.

In the 1970s, Leonid Brezhnev became the next leader who tried to improve the living conditions for the people and to reach out to other countries to become friends. Yuri Andropov and then Konstantin Chernenko led next, until Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985 became the ruler who stressed openness and restructuring. Open elections were held in 1989, and in 1991 there was a rapid series of revolutions leading to the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Yeltsin became the new leader and by the end of the year, the Soviet Union was voted out of existence to be replaced by a Commonwealth of Independent States.  Gorbachev resigned and the Soviet Flag on top of the Kremlin was replaced by the Russian tricolored flag.  The current President of Russia is Vladimir Putin who has helped Russia become stronger economically and has helped to gain more freedom for the Russian people.

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Russian Common Names – Russian Culture for kids

Russians have three names.  These are the first or given name (имя), the surname or family name (фамилия) and patronymic (отчество).  A patronymic is formed from the father’s first name with the help of the endings –ович and -евич for boys, and -овна and -евна for girls. For example, if Anatoly’s father is Viktor, he will be called Анатолий Викторович.

Common Boys’ Names and Variations

  1. Alexander (Sasha)

  2. Maxim (Max)

  3. Ivan (Vanya)

  4. Artyom (Tyoma)

  5. Dmitry (Dima)

  6. Nikita (Nik)

  7. Mikhail (Misha)

  8. Daniil (Danya)

  9. Yegor

  10. Andrey

Other common boys’ names are Vladimir, Sergei, Aleksei, Nikolai, Yury, Vasily, and Pyotr. Popular choices also include Ilya, Igor, Gennady, Boris, Evgeny, Pavel, Vadim, and Viktor are also quite popular.

Today, Old Slavic and old-fashioned Russian names are increasing in use.  These names are Makar, Zakhar, Prokhor, Valentin, Kuzma, Timofey, Nazar, and Taras.

Common Girls’ Names and Variations

1.   Elena (Lena, Alena, Alyona)
2.   Svetlana (Sveta)
3.   Olga (Olya)
4.   Tatiana (Tanya)
5.   Natasha (Natalya, Nata)
6.   Marina
7.   Irina (Ira)
8.   Anastasia (Nastya)
9.   Anna (Anya)
10. Oksana (Ksyusha)

Most Russian girls’ names come from Greek names and often have a name in English that is similar to it.  For example, Elena is “Helen” in English; and Natalya is “Natalie”.

Three girls’ names have the same meaning  for the name as the word in Russian. These are Nadezhda (hope), Lyubov (love) and Vera (faith).

In Russian, some names are used with suffixes that give the name a special “soft” meaning.  It’s not a nickname but a shorter/softer/affectionate form of the name. For example, the Russian name Elena:
Full form – Elena
Short form – Lena
Short/soft form – Lenka
Short/affectionate form – Lenochka
Full/affectionate form – Elenochka
Other forms –  Lenusya, Lenusik, Lenchik, Lenok, Alyona, Alyonka, Alyonushka, Alyonchik, Alena

All these forms have the root “len” which changes to “lyon” (pronounced as “l’on”) in “Alyona”.  “Elena” and “Alyona” appear to be different names, but in Russian they are seen as the same form.

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The Russian Language and Alphabet – Russian Culture for kids

Russian is the official language of Russia. Today, almost all (97%) of the public school students who live in Russia receive their education in the Russian language. 27 other languages are considered main languages throughout the different regions of Russia.  There are over 100 total languages spoken in the country of Russia, alone!

Russian is a Slavic language like Polish or Ukrainian.  Russian is the most widely-used Slavic language in the world.  This language uses a Cyrillic alphabet. The name “Cyrillic” is in honor of Cyril (a saint in the Russian Orthodox Church).

The Russian alphabet has 33 letters, 11 vowels, 20 consonants and 2 pronunciation signs.  This is how the Russian alphabet looks when you write it:

А, Б, В, Г, Д, Е, Ё, Ж, З, И, Й, К, Л, М, Н, О, П, Р, С, Т, У, Ф, Х, Ц, Ч, Ш, Щ, Ъ, Ы, Ь, Э, Ю, Я

15%, about 1 out of every 7 people in Russia, speak a foreign language in addition to Russian.  Most of these people speak English.  The other foreign languages spoken are German, French and Turkish.

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Russian Games and Toys – Russian Culture for kids

Matryoshka dolls are traditional Russian nesting dolls. A set of Matryoshka dolls consists of one hollow wooden doll that can be pulled apart to hold another doll of the same kind inside. That doll has another doll inside, etc.  These dolls are usually brightly painted. There can be 6-10 dolls that all fit inside the largest doll.

P’yatnitsa is a popular Russian card game.  It is just like the card game War.  It is usually played with two players.  All of the cards are dealt face down.  Both players turn their top cards over, face up. Whoever has the highest-ranking card collects both cards, returning them to the bottom of their stack. The player who runs out of their cards first, loses the game.

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Russian Cuisine – Russian Culture for kids

A traditional Russian meal consists of fish, potatoes, vegetables and bread.   Borscht, a soup made from beets, is a well-known traditional Russian food.

Tea and tea ceremonies are an important part of Russian culture.  Samovars are Russian tea water heaters. The samovar keeps the tea water hot, and then a spout is used to pour the hot water into a tea cup.  In Russian, the word samovar means “boils itself”.

Russian tea ceremonies make tea from a tea concentrate called zavarka.  A small amount of zavarka is first added to a cup along with hot water from the samovar.

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