How to teach children Vietnamese

How to teach children Vietnamese

vietnamese children's book, story book, learn, vietnamese, phonics, alphabet

1 Get fairy tales and storybooks in Vietnamese on Amazon or from your local library

Children love shared reading time and regardless of language acquisition they will always remember the time they spent with you reading books.Try to find books with good illustrations. Look at the pictures with your child, point to things they already know in Vietnamese.

As you come across new words ask the child what they think it is. If it is illustrated, have them point it out on the page.Use different voices for different characters.If your child has a favorite Vietnamese story encourage him/her to play different characters making up the words from memory. Help your child to use his/her imagination to change the story or change the ending.

vietnamese, learn, language, bilingual

2 Use puppets or turn your child’s favorite plush toy into a puppet that talks in Vietnamese

Kids love puppets and puppet play is great for motor skills. You can tell much loved stories through puppet play, either using the whole body or make a puppet theatre from a box and use hand or finger puppets. Finger puppets are also fun when singing songs.

vietnamese, learn, language, bilingual,zoo

3 Go to the zoo and call the name of the animals together in Vietnamese

If you have any, look at some animal books together, then go to the zoo for the day. Ask your child the names of the animals he/she has learned and point out the new ones. This is a great place to add in adjectives and colours. When you come home, encourage your child to draw pictures of what he/she saw and talk about them together using Vietnamese.

vietnamese, learn, language, bilingual

4 Play hide and seek by counting in Vietnamese

Hide and seek is a great game for practicing numbers. You could start with 1 to 10 and gradually increase. When your child knows them well you could count down backwards. When ‘seeking’ your child it’s a good opportunity to repeat words without it sounding repetitive.

vietnamese, learn, language, bilingual,board game

5 Play board games in Vietnamese e.g.: snakes and ladders, board games, family games

Dice games are always good for counting and also simple addition. Board games played with the whole family can be a time for relaxed learning. Just playing a simple board game such as snakes and ladders teaches a young child so much more than just language. They also learn rules of play, understanding goals and of course, that family games equal FUN!

vietnamese flash card, language, learn, bilingual

6 Play games by using flashcard games e.g.: Go fish, memory game

Flashcards are one of your most valuable resources in teaching language to young children. With multiples of the same cards you can play well-known games such as Go Fish or the ‘memory game’.

Very small children may struggle to hold too many cards, so play games that have the child match one card to another. Match a sound with a picture, or two cards that have the same sound, or two pictures that match, any way you choose.

Lay cards out on the floor or table and have your child touch the card as you call out words/sounds. Encourage your child to be the caller and you touch the cards. Keep it playful and fun.

 

7

7 Have a progress chart that tracks the words and phrases your child mastered

A simple progress chart teaches your child clear goals and kids love stickers. Let your child know when he/she is approaching a goal, make a big deal of reaching the goals, be excited to getting the stickers out. Praise him/her for their achievement with a ‘great job’, a hug or a ‘high five’ (or all three).

8

8 Listen to children’s songs in Vietnamese together or reward your child for memorizing a short one

Listen to children’s songs in the 2nd language whenever and wherever you can. Keep CDs in the car or put a CD on quietly in the background when you are doing something else. Add actions to the songs, this helps kids remember the words. If it suits your child’s personality, encourage them to ‘perform’ songs for you. You could have a special ‘song night’.

Here is a playlist of Vietnamese children’s songs

9

9 Listen to pop songs in Vietnamese together or reward your child for memorizing a short one

Teach your child some catchy pop songs that you both like. Something with suitable lyrics and a good chorus are easiest to remember. Sing it around the house as you do other things, when your child tries to join in, model the language and encourage them to sing with you.

10

10 Find cartoons in the 2nd language on Youtube or Amazon

Cartoons are a great way to engage kids in the 2nd language. Kids can figure out the story visually without worrying about not understanding every word. It’s easy to buy DVDs from Amazon in almost any language or, alternatively, look for them on YouTube. Let your child guide you to which cartoons they like best. Watch them together and you will know which language to reinforce.

11

11 Have an annual/monthly goal check list

Make a checklist of goals or ideas of where you want to be with the language learning over a year. Break it down into monthly mini-goals.

It will be help you stay focused on where you are going and also a great way to look back and see how far you and your child have come.

12

12 Create youtube playlists or find playlists suitable for your child’s level

YouTube is a super resource. You can create playlists of Vietnamese teaching videos, these days people post from all over the world.

They might be short tutorials, or craft ideas you can incorporate into your language learning, or children’s songs you can sing together. Look for playlists already put together by others with the same goal.

13

13 Join online support groups (forums, facebook pages, twitter lists, multicultural blog groups etc.)

Join some online groups to exchange ideas and information. Support is invaluable too. Teaching Vietnamese can hit some hurdles, it is important to be able to connect with people who are having the same difficulties or have successfully navigated these hurdles. Facebook and Twitter are great for immediate connections. Online chat groups or forums can give you a sense of community and common goals.

Screen Shot 2015-03-23 at 22.12.17

14 Visit the website of Vietnam’s ministry of culture

Have a look at the website and find interesting information about Vietnam. Read about traditional food, dances and costumes. Look at statistics such as population. Find some fun facts about the climate, holidays and customs. Talk about them with your child and follow their lead on which parts they are interested in. You can also get all this information and more here

Screen Shot 2015-03-23 at 22.00.28

15 Go to public libraries and check all the available resources in Vietnamese

Libraries are an excellent resource. If they don’t have things things in Vietnamese ask the librarian if it is possible to order them. Also check out the noticeboard and see if there are any kids groups speaking Vietnamese in the area. You might make some new friends too.

RgvPTOyYsXs52mAVS_KvTIPH4LkCfr83KlkjDDyXBOY

16 Make use of language learning DVDs for kids

Language DVDs come handy , especially fro busy parents, as they repeat useful words and phrases in a fun and interesting way Check them out, Look for something that is specifically for kids, that uses games and songs and has well-structured levels.

17

17 Play CDs when driving your child to school

Always play CDs in Vietnamese when you are in the car. It could be songs or a kids’ language learning CD, whatever your child likes. Do it consistently so your child comes to expect the 2nd language in the car.

18

18 Play streaming radio in the background at home or make use of Spotify, Lastfm, etc.

Nowadays, there are a lot of resources that help you play streaming radio through personal electronic devices and laptops, etc. All you need is tuning into one of the local radio stations and have the radio or the song list play in the background all day long. Even if your child does not understand what has been spoken or the lyrics of the songs he/she will get used to the new sounds and intonation patterns.

http://dinolingo.com/blog/Blog-Pictures/Alphabet-Book/Vietnamese/alp_book_Vietnamese_05_12.jpg

19 Make use of worksheets for beginners

There are a great many websites offering worksheets for beginners. Many are free and some you can pay monthly or a yearly fee. Kids love worksheets. Some may be simple coloring sheets (kids LOVE coloring), or sheets that help fine motor skills through pencil manipulation. Buy some stickers and put one on each sheet your child completes.

20

20 Make use of Flashcards

There is no end to the fun to be had from playing games with flashcards even if you child is still too young to play a game that has structure and rules. You can make your own ‘games’ call out a card, have your child touch it/pick it up. ‘Hide’ the cards around the room and have your child find them and say what they are etc.

You can also put the flashcards up around the room. Change them each week in categories (animals/flowers/ fruit/etc. Look at them and say them often with your child. Ask them, “What’s this? / What’s that?”

Put them on your fridge with magnets or let your child do this.You call out the words and have them put them on.

21

21 Get a picture dictionary to get started

A Children’s picture dictionary is a wonderful resource. Follow your child’s curiosity with it. Let him/her choose what he/she wants to know on any given day. Ask him/her more information about the words they do know. “What color is it?” “ Is it big or small? “ “Where does it live?” “What does it do?”

nR7xafgFxxmrN_IkDE7m0eCM5xXW8kmVcupueBHTO0I

22 Consider getting an alphabet book

Introduce your child to the shapes of letters with a simple alphabet book. This is especially useful if the Vietnamese alphabet is different to that of the 1st language. For young learners, get a very simple, ‘starter’ book, also great for fine motor skills and pencil control.

23

23 Think about kinesthetic learning (learning by doing). Coloring books, sketchbooks or DVDs that children watch and dance are great!

The research is in that kids learn best by doing (don’t we all?).

Anything that gets kids moving their bodies or their hands helps them to learn. Watch DVDs together, make up dances, put on ‘shows’, even dress up. Encourage your child’s inner artist with a sketchbook. Color, paint, draw, and talk about the colors and your child’s pictures in the 2nd language. Coloring in pictures is a very relaxing activity (you should do it too!) Kids tend to be very relaxed when they are coloring, a good time to make some general chitchat in Vietnamese.

Mix paints and talk in Vietnamese about how colors are made.

24

24 Consider getting a reading pen

The very latest translation tool. A ‘reading pen’ scans and translates. The translated text appears on a small screen on the pen and can also provide audio pronunciation of words or full sentences.

25

25 Find some talking or singing plush toys

There are so many talking toys on the market these days. Try one that says greetings in Vietnamese (or multiple languages) or one that sings traditional songs/nursery rhymes from Vietnam.

Screen Shot 2015-03-23 at 22.29.00

26 Make use of culture books prepared for little kids

Ready made ‘culture books’ are great for learning about different countries. Read them together, ask questions and encourage your child to ask lots of questions too. After reading one, you could make a simple one together using pictures from magazines, or encourage your child to draw pictures too. Gather information together at the library or from the internet.

27 Decorate your child’s room with learning posters (colors, numbers) or pictures from Vietnam (flag, the cities, etc.)

Get some large colorful posters to decorate your child’s room or the learning space you use. Point things out and ask questions, swap roles and have your child ask the questions too, this also helps model the pronunciation. Ask which is your child’s favorite poster and why?

Follow their lead on the things that interest them.

28

28 Follow a simple syllabus prepared for kids

Use the simple syllabus prepared in your language learning system or make one yourself. Let your child know what it is so he/she can see what they will be doing. Children tend to do better when they know what is coming and what is expected of them.

29 Use stickers as rewards (stickers that say congratulations, wonderful, etc. in the 2nd language)

Kids love stickers! Use them liberally. Take praising your child as an opportunity to use the 2nd language. If you can find stickers with words of praise in the 2nd language use those and repeat the words a lot. Use a couple of words at first and add more as your child knows them.

30 Get some printed items related to the 2nd language: T-shirts, mugs, children’s silverware, etc.

If you have the opportunity to visit the 2nd language country buy goods with the language on. T-shirts, mugs and pens are useful as well as educational. Look for postcards, posters or bumper stickers with popular expressions on. Post these around your house.

31

31 Arrange play dates or playgroups with other parents who want to teach their children Vietnamese.

Try to find other parents encouraging their children to learn Vietnamese, arrange to play together, go on picnics to the park or take a trip to a zoo or aquarium, great places to practice the language. Making new friends is of great benefit to you too!

 

32

32 Video chat with friends and relatives who have a child that speaks Vietnamese

Encourage video chat with other children you know, that speak Vietnamese. It’s easy using Skype or Google Hangouts or something similar. Be nearby to help the conversation along. Be encouraging and resist the temptation to correct your child’s mistakes.

 

33

33 Invite Grandma and Grandpa (who can speak Vietnamese) to stay over

Spending time with grandparents is valuable to all parties anyway but spending time with grandparents who speak Vietnamese is great for strengthening bonds and hearing natural language. Your child will come to associate Vietnamese with feelings of love and security.

34

34 Hire a short-term or full time nanny or caregiver that speaks Vietnamese

If it is possible, consider hiring a nanny/caregiver/babysitter who speaks Vietnamese. Even a few hours per week would make a difference (and give you a little free time!).

Screen Shot 2015-03-23 at 22.54.55

35 Cook Vietnamese recipes together with your child

Kids always want to be a ‘little helper’ in the kitchen. Cook some simple dishes from Vietnam together. Us the 2nd language for instructions, wash, cut, wipe, mix…. Name the ingredients in a natural way as you cook. Here are some Vietnamese recipes

36 Go to community centers, cultural centers and temples with your child

Local places of interest are stimulating for your child and cultural centers often have exhibitions or music/dance performances. Look out for anything from Vietnam. Community centers are a great place to meet people, look at notice boards for anything from people interested or connected in some way to, Vietnamese. You could even offer to do something yourself, give a talk about the country or a traditional dance etc.

37 Visit Vietnamese supermarkets and Vietnamese restaurants with your child

Go around a Vietnamese supermarket and point out the foods from Vietnam. If your child is unfamiliar with them, ask questions. “How do you think it tastes?” “ Do you think this is hard/soft/crunchy/sweet/etc.?” If possible eat in ethnic restaurants. Talk about the food, how it is prepared, where it comes from.

oWI0qpGBbSpQprQA53npLQTPEmYJlMOlZU_xzjOWqs0

38 Have a word of the day activity

Pick a ‘word of the day’, you or your child could choose it, or have your child pick it at random from a pile of word cards. If the word is a noun, look for it around the house and when you go outside. Talk about where it might be found. If it is a verb, find ways to do the action either really or mime it, see if you can spot other people doing it? Or use adverbs and spend some time doing everything in the manner of the adverb, slowly/quickly/happily/etc.

39 Play Vietnamese online language games (memory, click&tell, etc.) with your child

There are plenty of free online interactive language games for children. Find one that appeals to your child and encourage them to do a little every day. You can check out 3 different kinds of free Vietnamese online language learning games here

 

40

40 Try Skype lessons for children (may not be advised for infants and toddlers)

Many teachers are offering language lessons via Skype. Ask around and see if anyone can recommend a teacher to you. Sit in on the lesson too so you know what language to reinforce between lessons.

 

41

41 Read bedtime stories in Vietnamese to your child

Books, books, books. Kids love books and stories. Read stories in Vietnamese before bed. Often when kids have heard a favorite story many times they know the words. Encourage your child to help tell the story.

42 Play Vietnamese children’s games

Many children’s games are the same the world over, play kids games your child already knows in their 1st language but play it in the 2nd language. Paper, rock, scissors has many variations; play it in the 2nd language. Hopscotch, skipping games, clapping games etc. can all be played in any language. For more ideas have a look at the games in the different ‘countries and cultures’ at Dino Lingo (to the right of this post).

43 Get comic books & children’s magazines from Vietnam

Ask if a friend or relative overseas can send you comics or children’s magazines in Vietnamese. Children’s magazines usually have lots of fun facts in them that you can talk about and further research. They also have quizzes and puzzles that are lots of fun to do.

44 Go to a national parade of the target culture

You could try to find where there is a large community of people from the target culture. They will no doubt have special events to celebrate the holidays of their country of origin. Take your child to their parades and festivals.

45

45 Have a personalized notebook specially used for learning the2nd language(Don’t forget to use it to have your child draw whatever you say in the 2nd language

Let your child choose the notebook at the shop and decorate it anyway they want to make it special. Say words in Vietnamese and have them draw pictures, or even write the word or the first letter, depending on what level they are at. Go back over the pictures every few days. Talk about the pictures and praise your child’s drawing skills.

46 Do local crafts

If you are a native speaker of Vietnamese think about the crafts you did as a child and do them with your child (think also about how happy you were doing this activity with your own mother/father or your friends). Don’t worry if you have forgotten how, look on the Internet to refresh your memory. Perhaps you could send something your child makes to grandparents or relatives overseas.

47 Use chatting apps (WhatsApp, Line, etc.) to talk with friends and family who have same-aged children

Chatting apps are mobile and easy to use. Chat with friends in the 2nd who have children about the same age. Encourage your child to chat with them and their kids too. Ask their kids about themselves, their day etc. and encourage your child to talk about themselves.

48

48 Sing lullabies in the 2nd language to put your baby asleep

Lullabies are so soothing for baby and parent. Sing some Vietnamese lullabies to help your baby sleep. You can buy wind-up crib music at a baby store. Play the music and sing in the Vietnamese. Establish is as a routine and enjoy the time holding your baby and knowing you are soothing him/her.

49

49 Consider homeschooling by getting an online curriculum

More and more people are turning to homeschooling these days and there are plenty of resources online. Do some research and find something that suits you and your child. Depending on the school hours where you live, it may be possible for your child to attend the local school and follow a homeschooling curriculum.

50

50 Send your child to a summer camp where he/she can study Vietnamese in a short time.

Summer camp is a great experience for children. It is often their first extended time away from home and a chance to make lots of new friends and try a variety of activities for the first time. ‘Language’ camps for kids usually incorporate study with lots of games/crafts/activities related to the 2nd language culture. Look online or on the notice board in community centers and other public buildings.

 Vietnamese Children’s books

Luubinh2

Share this:

Vietnamese Songs for Children – Vietnamese Culture for kids

 

1. Bắc kim thang

bắc kim thang

cà lang bí rợ

cột qua kèo

là kèo qua cột

chú bán dầu

qua cầu mà té

chú bán ếch

ở lại làm chi

con le le

đánh trống thổi kèn

con bìm bịp

thổi tò tý te tò te

2. Cả nhà thương nhau

ba thương con vì con giống mẹ

mẹ thương con vì con giống ba

cả nhà ta cùng thương yêu nhau

xa là nhớ,….. gần nhau là cười.

3. Quả

Quả gì mà chua chua thế,

xin thưa rằng quả khế,

ăn vào thì chắc là chua,

vâng vâng chua thì để nấu canh chua.

Quả gì mà da cưng cứng,

xin thưa rằng quả trứng,

ăn vào thì nó làm sao,

không sao ăn vào thì sẽ thêm cao.

Quả gì mà bao nhiêu áo,

xin thưa rằng quả pháo,

ăn vào thì chắc là dai,

không dai nhưng mà thủng điếc hai tai.

Quả gì mà lăn lông lóc,

xin thưa rằng quả bóng,

sao mà quả bóng lại lăn,

do chân bao người cùng đá trên sân.

Quả gì mà gai chi chít,

xin thưa rằng quả mít,

ăn vào thì chắc là đau,

không đau thơm lừng tận mấy hôm sau.

Quả gì mà to to nhất,

xin thưa rằng quả đất,

to bằng quả mít mật không,

to hơn to bằng đỉnh núi thái sơn.

4. Đội kèn tí hon

Lời 1

Te tò te , đây là bang kèn hơi

Tò tò tò tò te , có anh nào muốn chơi , mau vào đây có cây kèn te tí

Tò tò tò te tí , bước đều chân cùng đi

 

Lời 2

Te tò te , anh nào kêu thật to

Tò tò tò tò te , đứng ra đằng trước cho , anh nào kêu bé trong mồm te tí

Tò tò tò te tí , nấp đằng sau cùng đi

 

5. Chiếc đèn ông sao

Chiếc đèn ông sao sao năm cánh tươi màu.

Cán đây rất dài cán cao quá đầu.

Em cầm đèn sao em hát vang vang.

Đèn sao tươi màu của đềm rằm liên hoan!

Tùng rinh rinh, tùng tùng tùng rinh rinh!

Đây ánh sao vui chiếu xa sáng ngời.

Tùng rinh rinh, rinh

rinhtùng rinh rinh.

Ánh sao Bác Hồ toả sáng nơi nơi!

Đây đèn ông sao sao năm cánh tươi vàng.

Ánh sao sáng ngời chiếu miền non ngàn.

Đây cầm đèn sao sao chiếu vô nam.

Đây ánh hoà bình đuổi xua loài xâm lăng!

Tùng rinh rinh, tùng tùng tùng rinh rinh!

Đây ánh sao vui chiếu xa sáng ngời.

Tùng rinh rinh, rinh

rinh tùng rinh rinh.

Ánh sao Bác Hồ toả sáng nơi nơi.

 

6. Em là bông hồng nhỏ

Em sẽ là mùa xuân của mẹ

Em sẽ là màu nắng của cha

Em đến trường học bao điều lạ

Môi mỉm cưởi là những nụ hoa

Trang sách hồng nằm mơ màng ngủ

Em gối đầu trên những dòng thơ

Em thấy mình là hoa hồng nhỏ

Bay giữa trời làm mát ngày qua

Trời mênh mông, đất hền hòa

Bàn chân em đi nhè nhẹ

Đưa em vào tình người bao la

Cây cỏ rừng bầy chim làm tổ

 

7. Chú ếch con

kìa chú là chú ếch con

có 2 là 2 mắt tròn

chú ngối học bài một mình

bên hố sâu kề vườn son

bao cô cá trê non

cùng bao cô cá rô non

tung tăng chiếc vây son

nhịp theo trống ếch vang dồn

kìa chú là chú ếch con

bé ngoan la ngoan nhất nhà

chú học thuộc bài xong rồi

chú hát thi cùng hoạ mi

bao nhiêu chú chim ri

cùng bao cô cá rô phi

nghe tiếng hát mê ly

 

8. Chú voi con ở Bản Đôn

Chú voi con ở Bản Đôn

Chưa có ngà nên còn trẻ con

Từ rừng già chú đến với người

Rất ham ăn với lại ham chơi…..

Voi con ơi, voi con ơi

Mau lớn lên có đôi ngà to

Có sức đi khắp miền rừng xa

Kéo gỗ cho buôn làng của ta

Chú voi con thật là khôn

Quen thiếu nhi khắp vùng Bản Đôn

Đầu gật gù, lúc lắc chiếc vòi

Khéo đung đưa theo nhịp chiêng vui

Voi con ơi, voi con ơi

Mau lớn lên có thân mình to

Khấp chốn Tây Nguyên còn nhiều voi

Góp sức xây buôn làng đẹp tươi

Voi ơi voi ơi…

 

9. Rửa mặt như mèo

Meo meo rửa mặt như mèo

Xấu xấu lắm chẳng được mẹ yêu

Khăn mặt đâu mà ngồi liếp láp

Đâu mất rồi lại khóc meo meo.

Meo meo rửa mặt như mèo

Xấu xấu lắm chẳng được mẹ yêu

Khăn mặt đâu mà ngồi liếp láp

Đâu mất rồi lại khóc meo meo.

Meo meo rửa mặt như mèo

Xấu xấu lắm chẳng được mẹ yêu

Khăn mặt đâu mà ngồi liếp láp

Đâu mất rồi lại khóc meo meo.

10. Trường chúng cháu là trường mầm non

Ai hỏi cháu học trường nào đấy

Bé mà ngoan lại múa hát thật hay.

Cô là mẹ và các cháu là con,

Trường của cháu đây là trường mầm non.

Ai hỏi cháu có trường nào vui thế

Có bạn đông mà sao lớp sạch ghê.

Khi về nhà là lại nhớ trường hơn

Trường của cháu đây là trường mầm non.

 

Dinolingo.com

Share this:

A Brief Vietnamese History – Vietnamese Culture for kids

Vietnamese history began 4000 years ago, the first King, and also the founder of the Vietnamese nation, was Hung Vuong. In their mythology, Lac Long Quan (Lac Dragon Lord) and Au Co had 100 children and Hung Vuong was the oldest son. According to tradition, The Hung dynasty ruled for eighteen generations. The last Hung king was overthrown in the third century B.C. by An Duong Vuong, the ruler of the neighboring upland kingdom of Thuc dynasty (Chinese dynasty). An Duong’s kingdom was short-lived. However, they were conquered in 208 B.C. by the army of the Chinese Qin dynasty.

From that day forward, China conquered the northern part of present-day Vietnam. Over the next several centuries Vietnamese culture was strongly influenced by Chinese.

In 939: Ngo Quyen (A Vietnamese hero) expelled the Chinese and founded the Ngo dynasty, opened a new era for Vietnamese. There were a lot of battles between China and Viet Nam from 939 to 1861. In 1861 French attacks on Vietnam prompted the emperor to cede a section of southern Vietnam, called Cochin China, to France.

In 1930: Ho Chi Minh established the Indochinese Communist Party to fight for independence from French colonial rule.

After World War II ended in 1945, the August Revolution was successfully, Viet Nam country was established.

In 1954: Vietnamese defeated the French at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. Vietnam was temporarily divided into two zones.

The civil war happened after that and ended in 1973 when the United States also ended its military involvement in the Vietnam War.

1975: South Vietnam surrendered to northern forces. North and South Vietnam were officially unified under a Communist government as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Saigon, the former southern capital, was renamed Ho Chi Minh City.

Read More…

Share this:

Vietnamese Language and Alphabet – Vietnamese Culture for kids

Vietnamese is a language spoken by about 82 million people mainly in Vietnam. There are also Vietnamese speakers in the USA, China, Cambodia, France, Australia, Laos, Canada and a number of other countries.

Vietnamese was originally written with a Siniform (Chinese-like) script known as Chữ-nôm. During the 17th century, Roman Catholic missionaries introduced a Latin-based orthography for Vietnamese, Quốc Ngữ (national language), which has been used ever since. Until the early 20th century, Quốc Ngữ was used in parallel with Chữ-nôm. Today only Quốc Ngữ is used.

Vietnamese alphabet and pronunciation

Vietnamese Alphabet

Notes

  • The letters “F”, “J”, “W” and “Z” are not part of the Vietnamese alphabet, but are used in foreign loan words. “W” (vê-đúp)” is sometimes used in place of “Ư” in abbreviations. In informal writing, “W”, “F”, and “J” are sometimes used as shorthands for “QU”, “PH” and “GI” respectively.
  • The digraph “GH” and the trigraph “NGH” are basically replacements for “G” and “NG” that are used before “I”, in order to avoid confusion with the “GI” digraph. For historical reasons, they are also used before “E” or “Ê”.
  • G = [ʒ] before i, ê, and e, [ɣ] elsewhere
  • D and GI = [z] in the northern dialects (including Hanoi), and [j] in the central, southern and Saigon dialects.
  • V is pronounced [v] in the northern dialects, and [j] in the southern dialects.
  • R = [ʐ, ɹ] in southern dialects

Vietnamese is a tonal language with 6 tones. These tones are marked as follows:

Vietnamese Tones

Read More…

Share this:

Common Vietnamese Words and Phrases – Vietnamese Culture for kids

English Phrases

Vietnamese Phrases

English Greetings Vietnamese Greetings:
Hi, Hello ! Xin chào
Good morning! Chào buổi sáng
Good evening! Chào buổi tối
Good afternoon Chào buổi chiều
Welcome! (to greet someone) Chào mừng bạn ( đã đến đây )!
How are you? bạn có khỏe không?
I’m fine, thanks! Cám ơn bạn, tôi khỏe
And you? Bạn thì sao?
Good/ So-So. Tốt / cũng tàm tạm
Thank you (very much)! Cám ơn ( rất nhiều )
It’s very kind of you Bạn thật là tử tế
You’re welcome! (for “thank you”) Đừng ngại ( don’t mind asking for my help )
Hey! Friend! Này!, Ê!
I missed you so much! Tôi nhớ bạn lắm
What’s new? Có gì mới không?
Nothing much Không có gì nhiều
Good night! Chúc ngủ ngon!
See you later! Gặp lại sau nhé
Good bye! Tạm biệt
Asking for Help and Directions
I’m lost Tôi bị lạc
Can I help you? Tôi có thể giúp bạn điều gì?
Can you help me? Bạn giúp tôi đựơc không?
Please help me…. Làm ơn giúp tôi
Where is the (hospital/ pharmacy)? (Bệnh viện/ nhà thuốc ) ở đâu?
Go straight! then turn left/ right! Đi thẳng, sau đó rẽ trái / phải
I’m looking for john. Tôi đang tìm John.
One moment please! Làm ơn đợi một lát!
Hold on please! (phone) Xin giữ máy!
How much is this? Cái này giá bao nhiêu?
Excuse me…! (to ask for something) Xin lỗi cho hỏi?
Excuse me! ( to pass by) Xin lỗi, làm ơn nhé!
Come with me! Đi với tôi

 

How to Introduce Yourself
Do you speak (English/ Vietnamese)? Bạn có nói (tiếng Anh/ tiếng Việt) không?
Just a little. Chỉ một chút.
What’s your name? Bạn tên gì?
My name is … Tôi tên là…
Mr…/ Mrs.…/ Miss… Ông…/bà…/cô
Nice to meet you! Rất vui được gặp bạn.
You’re very kind! Bạn thật tốt!
Where are you from? Bạn từ đâu đến ( bạn quê ở đâu )?
I’m from (the U.S/ Vietnam) Tôi đến từ…
I’m (American) Tôi là người ( Mỹ,… )
Where do you live? Bạn sống ở đâu?
I live in (the U.S/ Vietnam) Tôi sống ở….
Did you like it here? Bạn thích nơi đây chứ?
Vietnam is a wonderful country Việt Nam là một đất nước tuyệt đẹp
What do you do for a living? Bạn làm gì để kiếm sống?
I work as a (translator/ businessman) Tôi làm ( phiên dịch viên / nhà kinh doanh ).
I like Vietnamese Tôi thích tiếng/ người Việt Nam
I’ve been learning Vietnamese for 1 month Tôi đã học tiếng Việt Nam được 1 tháng.
Oh! That’s good! Ồ! Tốt quá, giỏi quá!
How old are you? Bạn bao nhiêu tuổi?
I’m (twenty, thirty…) years old. Tôi 23 tuổi.
I have to go Tôi phải đi đây.
I will be right back! Tôi sẽ quay lại ngay.
Wish Someone Something
Good luck! Chúc may mắn
Happy birthday! Chúc mừng sinh nhật!
Happy new year! Chúc mừng năm mới!
Merry Christmas! Chúc giáng sinh vui vẻ!
Congratulations! Chúc mừng!
Enjoy! (For meals…) Ăn nào! ( only for meals )
I’d like to visit Vietnam one day Tôi thích đến Việt Nam một ngày nào đó.
Say hi to John for me Gửi lời chào hộ tôi đến John.
Bless you (when sneezing) Chúa ban phước cho bạn.
Good night and sweet dreams! Chúc ngủ ngon và có những giấc mơ đẹp!
Solving a Misunderstanding
I’m Sorry! (if you don’t hear something) Xin lỗi, nhắc lại được không?
Sorry (for a mistake) Xin lỗi!
No Problem! Không sao.
Can You Say It Again? Bạn có thể nhắc lại được không?
Can You Speak Slowly? Bạn có thể nói chậm lại không?
Write It Down Please! Làm ơn viết nó ra!
I Don’t Understand! Tôi không hiểu.
I Don’t Know! Tôi không biết.
I Have No Idea. Tôi chẳng có ý kiến gì cả.
What’s That Called In Vietnamese? Cái đó gọi thể nào trong tiếng Việt?
What Does “gato” Mean In English? “gato” nghĩa là gì trong tiếng Anh?
How Do You Say “Please” In Vietnamese? Bạn nói “Please”thế nào trong tiếng Việt?
What Is This? Cái này là gì?
My Vietnamese is bad. Tên tiếng Việt của tôi tệ.
I need to practice my Vietnamese Tôi cần thực hành tiếng Việt.
Don’t worry! Đừng lo!
Vietnamese Expressions and Words
Good/ Bad/ So-So. Tốt / xấu / bình thường
Big/ Small Lớn / nhỏ
Today/ Now Hôm nay / bây giờ
Tomorrow/ Yesterday Ngày mai / hôm qua
Yes/ No Có, vâng, đúng vậy, ừ / không
Here you go! (when giving something) Của bạn đây.
Do you like it? Bạn thích nó chứ?
I really like it! Tôi thật sự thích nó.
I’m hungry/ thirsty. Tôi đói / khát
In The Morning/ Evening/ At Night. Vào buổi sáng / tối/ ban đêm
This/ That. Here/There Cái này / cái kia. Ở đây / ở đó
Me/ You. Him/ Her. Tôi / bạn. Anh ấy / cô ấy
Really! Thật sao?, Vậy à?
Look! Nhìn kìa!
Hurry up! Nhanh lên!
What? Where? Gì cơ? ở đâu?
What time is it? Mấy giờ rồi?
It’s 10 o’clock. 07:30pm. 10 giờ. 7 giờ 30 phút chiều
Give me this! Đưa cho tôi cái này!
I love you! Tôi yêu bạn!
I feel sick. Tôi cảm thấy mệt.
I need a doctor Tôi cần đến bác sĩ.
One, Two, Three Một, hai, ba
Four, Five, Six Bốn, năm, sáu
Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten Bảy, tám, chín, mừơi

Read More…

Share this:

All About Vietnamese Culture – Vietnamese Culture for kids

Viet Nam has a rich and diversified culture with 54 local ethnicities that live across the country. After the long –term Chinese and French sway on its culture, Vietnamese culture made it possible to localize and make use of the foreign culture in their efforts to enrich their national culture. They include the culture that fused with cultural aspects of the Chinese people in addition to that of other countries that exist within the Eastern Asian region, original local culture and finally, the culture that cooperated extensively with Western culture (French).

When coming to Viet Nam, it is really easy to see above things: Like the traditional Chinese family, there are three Vietnamese generations living under the same roof or after getting married, the women usually stay at her husband in law and look after the parents in laws. Spanking is a common form of punishment that is administered once children develop past the early childhood age. Love of learning and respect of teachers are long term practices and become one of meaningful activities. (In Viet Nam, they have “Vietnamese teacher day”, in which you come back to visit your current/former teacher/professor). In Vietnamese language, you can find many words, which are come from French. For example:

Vietnamese: Cà phê, Áo sơ mi, ca ra vat…Etc…  (Coffee, Shirt, necktie)

This is derived from French: Café, chemise, cravat…Etc…

The Vietnamese people have a lot of festival holidays but Vietnamese New Year, more commonly known by its shortened name TET or TET Nguyen Dan is the most important, popular holiday and festival. Tet starts on the first day of the first lunar month and is the first season of the new year (according to the lunar calendar), and therefore it is also known as the Tet Nguyen Dan, literally meaning Fete of the Three Firsts.

The Vietnamese always try to come back to their homeland for a family reunion and a taste of the particular flavors of the Vietnamese festivities. To prepare Tet, besides re-decorating the interior of their homes, they really pay attention to the preparation of food specialties.There are two other items that cannot be missed: Banh chung (square cake made of glutinous rice, pork and green beans wrapped in the dong leaves and boiled) and pickled onions.

In the morning of the first New Year day, the children always wake up earlier and dress up carefully. After speaking the best wishes to parent, grandparents and relatives, they can receive lucky money on tiny red envelopes from adults. According to Vietnamese’s custom, giving lucky money to children, it will help the children be in good health and prevent from sickness. Their children will have lucky and happy year.

Nowadays, in modern life, the culture of Vietnamese people is keep changing but they always remind each other, especially their relatives to maintain the fundamental and common Vietnamese values: Family is top priority, yearning for a good personal brand name, love of learning, and respect for other people.

Share this:

Vietnamese culture – Sounds of Vietnam

Sounds of Vietnam

Heavily influenced by Chinese musical tradition, Vietnamese music is extremely diverse. There are many genres, including but not limited to; folk music, ritual music, pop, rock, and heavy metal. Vietnamese music follows modern rends but keeps it’s syncretistic sound as well.

“Once upon a time…”Vietnamese Folk Tales

“The Peasant, The Buffalo, and the Tiger”: This folk tale tells of how certain things in the world came to be. For example, this folk tale explains how the tiger got it’s stripes, why the water buffalo has no teeth, and the first journey of peasants to find the answer to a question about life.

“Chu Cuoi”: This folk tale is about a woodcutter who found a baby tiger in the forest one day. He drops the cub and the cub dies, but the mother tiger brings a branch from a special tree that brings the cub back to life. The man wanted the tree, and decided to climb it. The tree took the man to the moon, and the legend is that during mid-autumn the man and the tree’s outline can be seen on the moon.

“Under the Starfruit Tree”: This is a folk tale that explains how all other folk tales came to be. These folk tales shape the Vietnamese culture, and reflects their values, beliefs, and customs

Read more

Share this:

Vietnamese culture – Celebrate! Vietnamese Holidays and Festivals

Celebrate! Vietnamese Holidays and Festivals

1)    Tet (Nguyen Dan):Tet is the biggest Vietnamese event of the year. Tet marks the beginning of the lunar New Year and spring at the same time. This holiday falls between late January and the beginning of February. Everyone’s home is squeaky clean, with many flowers all around their homes. Because Vietnamese feel as if bringing in the New Year with debts is bad luck, they are adamant about paying them off. This time is rather festive with many family events occurring all over Vietnam.

2)    Hai Ba Thung Day: On November 1st annually, the lives of the Tung sisters are celebrated. The sisters led a revolt against the Chinese (rulers) and Vietnam was freed in A.D. 41. After the Chinese recaptured Vietnam the sisters drowned themselves out of sorrow. Their lives are celebrated and they are classified as Vietnam heroes.

3)    Thanh Minh:Compared to America’s Memorial Day, families visit the grave sites of the deceased with food, flowers, papers, and other items to shower their loved ones with.

Vietnamese Attire

Ao b aba:  silk pants, long sleeved button down silk shirts are the usual look. This outfit is usually worn while working, but can be seen by loungers as well and in various colors. This attire is traditionally worn by men.

Aoyem: diamond shaped cloth draping over a females chest, with strings to tie at the back.

Aotur than: Oldest Vietnamese clothing worn by women. It’s a dress, more so a gown with multiple layers. This is the oldest yet extremely traditional Vietnamese wear. Also called a long tunic reaching the floor, it opens like a jacket and comes in many colors with a sash tied around it.

Male outfits goo only to knees while females dresses go all the way to their feet and beyond. The traditional hats are called Non la. They are simple, and cone shaped, representing the hardworking Vietnamese people.

 

Vietnamese for kids, DVDs, CDs, books, flash cards and more

Share this:

Vietnamese culture – Vietnamese Traditions and Customs

Vietnamese Traditions and Customs

Vietnamese family names are very important, and you will often see their family name followed by their middle name and their first names. The main language is Vietnamese, and the second language is English. The Vietnamese are modest people. Talking loudly, moving around a lot (especially around the opposite sex), and beckoning anyone with their hands vertically is considered disrespectful. They do not generally celebrate birthdays, and promises are as important to the Vietnamese as life itself.

3 Must See of Vietnam

1)      Beaches: With an extended coastline of 3000 kilometers, the most visited and labeled “must see” of Vietnam are their beaches. Ha Long Bay, a long stretch of islands and beautiful blue waters is not only a tourist escape, but a photogenic pleasure as well.

2)      Hot Springs: Guests and everyday Vietnamese come here to take a wrm dip for relaxing and recuperating. This place is excellent and rich in natural resources, being the perfect getaway.

3)      Hoi An: Charming and authentically breathtaking, the ancient city of Hoi An harbors much culture and tradition of Vietnam.

 

Vietnamese for kids, DVDs, CDs, books, flash cards and more

Share this:

Vietnamese culture – trẻemngày Children’s Day

trẻemngày  Children’s Day

Held annually on June 1st, Children’s Day is every child’s day of fun and recognition in Vietnam. Children receive gifts from their parents, and go on special trips and outings. This day is almost like a second birthday, where from beginning to end children are celebrated and proven to be loved and cherished.

Did You Know?????

  1. In Vietnam alone, the population is 86,116,568
  2. People have a life expectancy of 72 years
  3. Vietnam has one of the  lowest unemployment rates
  4. Vietnamese national flower is the lotus
  5. The biggest sport is football (soccer)
  6. Vietnam is the number one country in rice, eating and exporting more rice than any other country in the world

 

Vietnamese for kids, DVDs, CDs, books, flash cards and more

Share this: