Historical Greek Figures

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Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great was born in 356 B.C. in Pella, Macedonia. He was born to parent’s Philip of Macedon, who was a superior Army General and organizer and his mother was Olympias, princess of Epirus. When Alexander the Great turned 20, he gathered forces in Greek Cities in Corinth that recognized Alexander as their Leader. Alexander’s Army mainly had Macedonian soldiers and also a few Greeks. Alexander went on to invade the Persian Empire, whilst he was at war in Thrace, some Greek cities rebelled, which ultimately led Alexander back South. Alexander kept the battle going, and was determined to rule the world. Alexander would go after conquering north, through Syria and Mesopotamia and he defeated Darius at Gaugamela in 331 BC. After the death of Alexander the Great, his Empire soon disintegrated, he conquered much of what was then the civilized world.

Kyniska of Sparta

Kyniska is credited as being the first woman Olympic medal winner (chariot race). Actually, she ventured into an all-male sport and didn’t win the same as everyone else won the race is prior competitions. Kyniska won the Olympiads wreath not for being on the chariot as a rider, but by just owning the horses that won the race. It was a rule at that time, that, in equestrian; it would be the horse owner of the winning horse who would be honored and not the rider.

Plato

I’m sure you’ve heard of Plato at least once in your school, majorly in philosophy classes. Plato was taught by the great Socrates, and no doubt showed to be no less brilliant. Plato founded the world’s very first university! He wrote down his teachings and people all over the world, even today, study the Greek philosophers in every educational facility.

Aristotle

Another well- known name in school, Aristotle is credited towards discovering many things in science and biology. He published books about physics, poetry, zoology, biology, politics, governments, and more. Aristotle’s father was the personal physician of the King of Macedonia. When Aristotle turned 17, he went to Athens to study with Plato, coincidence?

Hippocrates

Hippocrates is credited as being the most famous physician of the ancient times, as Hippocrates released medicine from any and all types of religious superstition in an attempt to establish it as a science based on observation and case recording. Hippocrates is often described as the model of the ancient physician and the “founder of western medicine”, even though in modern terms it can be said that he used both clinical and homeopathetic methods.

 

 

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