Danish Language and Alphabet

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The Language

The Danish language belongs to the Germanic family language within the Indo-European languages. The language is similar to English, German, Swedish, Norwegian, and Icelandic, all of which descend from the ancient Teutonic language.

There are about 5.5 million speakers mainly in Denmark, but also in Greenland, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Canada, the UAE and the United States.  Danish was the official language of Norway and also Iceland.

The first written work of Danish literature was Gesta Danorum (History of the Danes) written in Latin to record the early history of Denmark and includes Scandinavian myths and sagas, including the Hamlet story.

The Danish Alphabet (Dansk Alfabet)

Aa (a)  Bb (be)  Cc (se)  Dd (de)  Ee (e)  Ff (aef)  Gg (ge) Hh (hå)  Ii (i)  Jj (jåd)  Kk (kå)  Ll (ael)  Mm (aem)  Nn (aen)  Oo (o)  Pp (pe)  Qq (ku)  Rr (aer)  Ss (aes)  Tt (te)  Uu(u)  Vv(ve) Ww (dobbelt-ve)  Xx(aeks)  Yy(y)  Zz (saet)

The letters C, Q, W, X and Z are only used in words from other languages.  Before 1948, the sound written å was written aa, which can still be seen in some place names such as Aalborg and Aabenraa.

danish alphabet

Danish Children’s Songs

Children’s songs are about special times of the year, fun activities that children like to do, and include finger plays and action songs. Here is a list of popular Danish songs:

Den Lille Ole med ParaplyenHist, Hvor Vejen Slar en BugtHun skal LeveJeg Gik Mig over So Og Land

Kappe, Klappe, Kage

Lille Peter Edderkop

Mester Jakob

Nu det Jul Igen 

The Little Sandman with the UmbrellaOver Where the Road Makes a TurnLive for Long (a birthday song)I Traveled Over Sea and Land

Clap, Clap, Cake

Itsy Bitsy Spider

Brother John

Now, It’s Christmas Time

 

Danish Common Words and Phrases 

Greetings

HelloGoodbyeYesNo

Thank you

Excuse me

What’s your name?

My name is…

Where are you from?

I’m from…

What time is it?

Goddag/Hej (polite/informal)FarvelJaNej

Tak

Undskyld

Hvad hedder du?

Jeg hedder …

Hvorfra kommer du?

Jeg kommer fra …

Hvad er klokken?

Days of the Week

MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursday

Friday

Saturday

Sunday

MandagTirsdagOnsdagTorsdag

Fredag

Lordag

Sondag

Numbers

ZeroOneTwoThree

Four

Five

Six

Seven

Eight

Nine

Ten

NulEnToTre

Fire

Fem

Seks

Syv

Otte

Ni

Ti

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