Dutch Words and Phrases – Dutch Culture for kids

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hat Do the Dutch Speak?

Dutch is a West Germanic language.  It is the language that 90% of the Dutch people speak in the Netherlands.  Many people in Belgium (a neighboring country in Europe) and Suriname (a country in South America) also speak Dutch. The Dutch language in Belgium is called Flemish.  Dutch is closely related to the German and English languages.  There are about twenty-five dialects of Dutch used in the Netherlands today. The second official language in the Netherlands is Friesian.  Over 500,000 people speak this language.

Common Words and Phrases

Here are some common words and phrases.  You can see that they are written in English and in Dutch.  There is also the pronunciation so you can practice speaking in Dutch.

  • Hello. Hallo. (HAH-low)
  • How are you? Hoe gaat het? (Hoo GAHT hut?)
  • Fine, thank you. Goed, dank u. (GOOT, dahnk uu.)
  • What is your name? Hoe heet u? (Hoo HAYT uu?)
  • My name is ______. Mijn naam is ______.  (Meyn NAHM is _____.)
  • Nice to meet you. Aangename kennismaking. (AHN-guh-NAH-muh KAN-nis-MAHK-ing.)
  • Please. Alstublieft. (AHL-stuu-BLEEFT.)
  • Thank you. Dank u. (DAHNK uu.)
  • You’re welcome. Graag gedaan. (GRAHG guh-DAHN.)
  • Yes. Ja. (YAH.)
  • No. Nee. (NAY.)
  • Excuse me. Mag ik even uw aandacht. (Mahg ick AYvuhn uuw ahnDAGHT.)
  • I’m sorry. Sorry. (SOHR-ree.)
  • Goodbye Tot ziens. (TOT seens.)
  • I can’t speak Dutch. Ik spreek geen Nederlands. (Ick SPRAYK gayn NAY-dur-lawnts.)
  • Do you speak English? Spreekt u Engels? (SPRAYKT uu ENG-uls?)
  • Help! Help! (HEHLP!)
  • Good morning. Goedemorgen. (GOO-duh-MORE-gun.)
  • Good afternoon. Goedemiddag (GOO-duh-MID-dahg.)
  • Good evening. Goedenavond. (Goo-duhn-AH-vunt.)
  • Good night. Goedenavond. (Goo-duhn-AH-vunt.)
  • Good night (to sleep) Slaap lekker. (SLAHP leck-uh.r)
  • I don’t understand. Ik begrijp het niet. (Ick buh-GRAYP hut neet.) 

Dutch Names

The Ten Most Popular Girls’ Names

  1. Emma
  2. Julia
  3. Sophie
  4. Lotte
  5. Isa
  6. Lisa
  7. Saar
  8. Lieke
  9. Eva
  10. Anna

The Ten Most Popular Boys’ Names

  1. Daan
  2. Shem
  3. Milan
  4. Levi
  5. Luuk
  6. Luca
  7. Jayden
  8. Thomas
  9. Stijn
  10. Jesse

Common Dutch Last Names (vd stands for van der, a common beginning of a last name)

  1. Bakker – Baker
  2. Bijl, vd – From the axe, i.e. descended from woodcutters
  3. Bos – Forest
  4. Berg, vd – From the hill
  5. Boer, de – Farmer
  6. Boor, vd – Farmer or simple person
  7. Brouwer – Brewer
  8. Buskirk, van – Literally “bush church”, or “church in the woods”
  9. Citroen – Lemon
  10. Dijkstra – From the dike
  11. Graaf, de – The count/earl
  12. Byl, vd – Americaization of “Van der Bill”
  13. Coevorden, van
  14. Dekker – Thatcher
  15. Dijk, Dyk, Dyck, Deijck, van – From the dike
  16. Fikse
  17. Fixe
  18. Groot, de – The big/great
  19. Haan, de – Rooster
  20. Hendriks – Henry’s son
  21. Hoff, van het – From the servant/garden
  22. Leeuwen, van – From Leeuwen/Leuven; Levi
  23. Janssen – John’s son
  24. Jong, de – Junior
  25. Jansen – John’s son
  26. Koning, Koningh, de – King
  27. Linden, vd – From the tree
  28. Meijer, Meyer – Bailiff or steward
  29. Meer, vd – From the lake
  30. Mesman – Knife
  31. Mulder, Molenaar – Miller
  32. Maarschalkerweerd – Keeper of marshlands
  33. Peters – Peter’s son
  34. Prins – Prince
  35. Rynsburger
  36. Smit, Smits – Smith
  37. Spaans – Spanish
  38. Spronk
  39. Visser – Fisher
  40. Vliet, van – From the water
  41. Vries, de – The Frisian
  42. Vos – Fox
  43. Westhuizen, van der
  44. Wit, de – White or blond
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