Dutch Names and Language

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What Do the Dutch Speak?

Dutch is a West Germanic language.  It is the language that 90% of the Dutch people speak in the Netherlands.  Many people in Belgium (a neighboring country in Europe) and Suriname (a country in South America) also speak Dutch. The Dutch language in Belgium is called Flemish.  Dutch is closely related to the German and English languages.  There are about twenty-five dialects of Dutch used in the Netherlands today. The second official language in the Netherlands is Friesian.  Over 500,000 people speak this language.

Dutch Names

The Ten Most Popular Girls’ Names

  1. Emma
  2. Julia
  3. Sophie
  4. Lotte
  5. Isa
  6. Lisa
  7. Saar
  8. Lieke
  9. Eva
  10. Anna

The Ten Most Popular Boys’ Names

  1. Daan
  2. Shem
  3. Milan
  4. Levi
  5. Luuk
  6. Luca
  7. Jayden
  8. Thomas
  9. Stijn
  10. Jesse

Common Dutch Last Names (vd stands for van der, a common beginning of a last name)

  1. Bakker – Baker
  2. Bijl, vd – From the axe, i.e. descended from woodcutters
  3. Bos – Forest
  4. Berg, vd – From the hill
  5. Boer, de – Farmer
  6. Boor, vd – Farmer or simple person
  7. Brouwer – Brewer
  8. Buskirk, van – Literally “bush church”, or “church in the woods”
  9. Citroen – Lemon
  10. Dijkstra – From the dike
  11. Graaf, de – The count/earl
  12. Byl, vd – Americaization of “Van der Bill”
  13. Coevorden, van
  14. Dekker – Thatcher
  15. Dijk, Dyk, Dyck, Deijck, van – From the dike
  16. Fikse
  17. Fixe
  18. Groot, de – The big/great
  19. Haan, de – Rooster
  20. Hendriks – Henry’s son
  21. Hoff, van het – From the servant/garden
  22. Leeuwen, van – From Leeuwen/Leuven; Levi
  23. Janssen – John’s son
  24. Jong, de – Junior
  25. Jansen – John’s son
  26. Koning, Koningh, de – King
  27. Linden, vd – From the tree
  28. Meijer, Meyer – Bailiff or steward
  29. Meer, vd – From the lake
  30. Mesman – Knife
  31. Mulder, Molenaar – Miller
  32. Maarschalkerweerd – Keeper of marshlands
  33. Peters – Peter’s son
  34. Prins – Prince
  35. Rynsburger
  36. Smit, Smits – Smith
  37. Spaans – Spanish
  38. Spronk
  39. Visser – Fisher
  40. Vliet, van – From the water
  41. Vries, de – The Frisian
  42. Vos – Fox
  43. Westhuizen, van der
  44. Wit, de – White or blond
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