The Italian flag is called a tricolor because it has three colors: green, white and red. Some Italians think that the color green on the flag is for the hills and plains of Italy, white is for the snow-capped Alps and red is for the bloodshed during the war to win Italy’s independence to become a democracy. Others say that green is for hope, white for faith and red represents charity and giving.
The country is divided into 20 regions. You may be familiar with some of the regional names like Tuscany, Veneto (the area around Venice) and Lazio (the area around Rome).