All About Russian Geography

close button

Much of the land in Russia is made up of plains called steppes. Three-quarters of Russia is an area called Siberia. Siberia is very cold.  It is filled with pine forests called taigas. Siberian tigers, the largest cats in the world are native to these forests. Lake Baikal in Siberia contains more water than any other lake in the world.

Both the lowest point and the highest point in Europe is in Russia. The lowest point is the Caspian Sea level (−28 m) and the highest point is  (5,642 m). The largest mountain ranges in Russia are the Ural Mountains and the Altay Mountains   Russia has many rivers and lakes.  Europe’s two largest lakes are both in Russia.  These lakes are called Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega.  Important rivers in Russia include the Amur, Irtysh, Yenisey, Ob, Volga, and Lena.